You may not realize this, but water is a unique substance with very uncommon properties. Explaining the fine tuning of the universe to us and the fine tuning of us to the universe t. In short, numerous features of our universe seem fantastically fine tuned for the existence of intelligent life. The fine tuning of the universe for intelligent life l. Apr 03, 2014 when science and philosophy collide in a finetuned universe. Barnes institute for astronomy, eth zurich, switzerland, and sydney institute for astronomy, school of physics, university of sydney, australia. As it happens, even in this fine tuned universe, the vast majority of locations in the universe are unsuited for life. Likewise, if our universe is selected from a multiverse, its seemingly designed or finetuned features wouldnt be surprising. But christians say that god is a brute fact and doesnt have much of an explanation. Fine tuned universe the constants of nature are critical to. Fine tuned universe the constants of nature are critical. A fine tuned universe books precise facts and figures at work in the cosmos permit the existence of life by hugh ross posted 82419, 12. Pdf univon multiverse is finetuned for life and minds. Compared to this question, all other questions seem trivial.
In simple terms, the argument for a fine tuned universe states that the probability of the various mathematical constants of the universe being exactly what is needed for life is so unlikely that it could not have occurred just by chance. But even in a universe fine tuned at the cosmic level, local conditions can still vary dramatically. May 03, 2018 according to vince vitale, hoyle was an atheist but that the finetuning of the universe left him greatly shaken. All explanations of this exquisite fine tuning, obvious and notsoobvious, have. The universe really is fine tuned, and our existence is the proof. Roger penrose is the universe finetuned for life and. Download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Based upon all of the scientific research to date, it appears that the evidence is telling us that the universe the myriad of galaxies, the solar system, and our earth are uniquely suited to support complex life. Philosophy talk relies on the support of listeners like you to stay on the air and online. Arguments according to which our universe is fine tuned for life are aimed at showing that life could not have existed for the vast majority of other forms of the laws of nature, other values of the constants of nature, and other conditions in the very early universe. Finetuning refers to various features of the universe that are necessary conditions for the existence of complex life. Conversely, wedefineauniversebeaconnectedregionofspacetime over which physics is effectively constant1. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading hidden in plain sight 7. The claim is that in the space of possible physical laws, parameters and initial conditions, the set that permits the evolution of intelligent life is very small.
The ne tuning of the universe for intelligent life has received much attention in recent times. Three facts showing the incredible fine tuning of the universe for life william lane craig is one of christendoms most effective spokesmen arguing for gods existence. The fine tuning of the universe an article by gerald schroeder according to growing numbers of scientists, the laws and constants of nature are so finely tuned, and so many coincidences have occurred to allow for the possibility of life, the universe must have come into existence through intentional planning and intelligence. Dec 19, 2016 how did our universe come to be so perfectly tuned for stability and life. One of his famed five arguments for gods existence is the fine tuning of the universe for intelligent life. The universe finetuned for life stanford university. Many atheists, however, advocate another hypothesis, one which attempts to explain how the seemingly improbable fine tuning of the universe could be the result of chance.
The finetuning of our universe for life represents a true. Why the universe is not designed for us by victor j. Rather, i present it as the confirmation of the god hypothesis by the existence of a fine tuned, embodiedconsciousagent permitting universe. Given that god is good, and it is good for conscious, intelligent, rational beings to exist, it is not surprising that god would have fine tuned the universe to evolve in such a way. Scientists of all worldviews agree that the physical constants of our universe and the conditions of the early universe are exquisitely fine tuned for life. Three facts showing the incredible finetuning of the.
Given what we know, it is reasonable to doubt that there is a plausible physical theory on which our universe is not fine tuned. The universe finetuned for life taeil albert bai stanford university, stanford, ca 94305 einstein once said,what really interests me is whether god had any choice in the creation of the world. A really fantastic read and i only wish that large numbers of people will read such an enormously enlightening book. This is a draft of a chapter to appear in the book on the fine tuning argument, tentatively entitled the welltempered universe. Not only is our universe fine tuned for existence, but the earth is fine tuned for life.
In the set of possible physics, the subset that permit the evolution of life is very small. Some christians argue that fine tuning is proof of gods existence, while. Gerald schroeder articles fine tuning of the universe. The finetuning argument, to be abbreviated by fta in what follows, claims that the present universe including the laws that govern it and the initial conditions from which it has evolved permits life only because these laws and conditions take a very special form, small changes in which would make. One of the most popular and most discussed responses to the universes. I never present the fine tuning argument as a form of extrapolation. Finetuning, complexity, and life in the multiverse arxiv. Jun 08, 2016 leonard susskind is the universe fine tuned for life and mind. How to rigorously define fine tuning by robin collins, note. If this carrier were as fine tuned as the mass density of our universe, subtracting a billionth of a trillionth of the mass of an electron from the total mass of the aircraft carrier would sink the ship. Stenger tackles the controversial topic of fine tuning in a thorough and compelling manner. The finetuning of the universe for intelligent life csiro publishing. Nature of project and summary of sections historically, the argument from design probably has been the most widely cited argument for the existence of god, both in the west and the east such as in. A new multiverse hypothesis has been proposed where each universe is created from a single quantum univon particle.
Stenger the ancient argument from design for the existence of god is based on the common intuition that the universe and life are too complex to have arisen by natural means alone. Pdf why is our universe finetuned for life pablo a. According to carl sagan, the universe cosmos is all that is or ever was or ever will be. The origin and fine tuning of the universe worldview apologetics conference 2017 duration. The question of fine tuning seems to have been pushed to a. By anil ananthaswamy wednesday, march 7, 2012 the nature of reality the nature of reality. The netuning of the universe for intelligent life has received much attention in recent times. Stenger the fallacy of finetuning is the latest sciencedriven book by the great author and physicist victor j. The finetuning argument fta is a variant of the design argument for the existence of god. The simplest and most logical reason, for this fortunate choice of physical laws, is that these constants were not random, but selected. You may have heard that the materialist idea of everything arising from time plus chance is about as likely as a hurricane sweeping through a junkyard and assembling a boeing 747. Pdf a new finetuning argument for the multiverse researchgate. The theories that currently seem most likely to be able to do away with fine tuned free parameters all imply the existence of a multiverse.
The fine tuning argument klaas landsman may 20, 2015 abstract our laws of nature and our cosmos appear to be delicately ne tuned for life to emerge, in way that seems hard to attribute to chance. In the privileged planet, guillermo gonzalez and jay richards identify 12 broad, widely recognized fine tuning factors. When science and philosophy collide in a finetuned universe. It is denser as a liquid, so we observe ice floating instead of sinking. Multiple theories in physics predict that our universe may be one of very many, an idea known as the multiverse. But in fact, the case for finetuning is quite strong. The finetuning of the universe for intelligent life. Strong evidence for a designer comes from the fine tuning of the universal constants and the solar system, e. The universe really is finetuned, and our existence is. Sep 27, 2015 disproving the finetuned universe theory sean m.
Now, there are only three possible explanations to account. In our list of the fine tuned features of the universe, real science radio host bob enyart quotes leading scientists and their astounding admission of the uncanny and seemingly neverending list of the justperfect finely tuned parameters of the physical features of the earth, the solar system, and the entire cosmos. A finetuned universe heather zeiger makes an argument for why the earth and the universe are so finetuned for life. When we do find the proverbial boulder balanced in unstable equilibrium, we talk about there being a fine tuning problem. Augustines theory of creation, rationes seminales, in the light of modern scientific knowledge is fantastic.
In particular he argues for a distinctively christian approach to natural theology grounded upon the. It is widely thought therefore, that the fact that our universe is finetuned for life, provides evidence for the multiple universe theory. The fine tuned nature of the universe is just as you would expect for a created universe. Jul 11, 2010 not only is our universe fine tuned for existence, but the earth is fine tuned for life. Three facts showing the incredible finetuning of the universe for life william lane craig is one of christendoms most effective spokesmen arguing for gods existence.
The electromagnetic coupling constant binds electrons to protons in atoms. Most substances are denser when they are a solid than when they are a liquid, but water is not. Evidence for the fine tuning of the universe by rich deem introduction. The claim that the universe is finetuned can be formulated as. Even if we knew that our universe were not fine tuned, the issue of what finetuning would have implied could still be philosophically interesting. Jun 11, 2014 pdf it is commonplace in discussions of modern cosmology to assert that the early universe began in a special state. Pdf the finetuning of the universe for intelligent life semantic. The quest for god in science and theology alister mcgrath seeks to recover a vision for natural theology that is both securely rooted in the long tradition of christian theological reflection and adequately adapted to our understandings of the natural world. This chapter should give the basic idea of my approach to defining the comparison range, and my response to. Stennis measuring 1,092 feet long with a displacement of 100,000 tons. There are fine tuning arguments that are naturalistic 125 first, as mentioned in premise section the fine tuning might be an illusion. Answering the big questions of life lets pretend that you go outside to find your front yard full of trash and debris. If there is only one universe, then having the fine tuned numbers that rees and others note is a miraculously fortunate turn of events.
The fine tuning of the universe for intelligent life has received a great deal of attention in. Mawson ishallstart,ifyouwillpermitme,byindicatinghowishallbeunderstanding a couple of crucial terms, what i shall be meaning when i talk this evening of the universe and of god. Any contribution, large or small, helps us produce intelligent, reflective radio that questions everything, including our most deeplyheld beliefs about science, morality, culture, and. That is, relatively small changes in their values would have resulted in a universe in which there would be a blockage in one of the stages in emergent complexity that lead. However, the idea that the universe is all is not a scientific fact, but an assumption based upon materialistic naturalism. A finetuned universe heather zeiger makes an argument for why the earth and the universe are so fine tuned for life. In the privileged planet, guillermo gonzalez and jay richards identify 12 broad. The finetuning of the universe, solar system and earth. There is for me powerful evidence that there is something going on behind it all it seems as though somebody has finetuned natures numbers to make the universe.
The netuning of the universe for intelligent life has received a great deal of attention in recent years, both in the philosophical and scientic literature. Michael turner, the widely quoted astrophysicist at the university of chicago and fermilab, describes the finetuning of the universe with a. Augustines theory of creation, rationes seminales, in the light of. Chapter 2 finetuning in cosmology anthropic principle. Finetuning and multiple universes roger white massachusetts institute of technology i. I never present the finetuning argument as a form of extrapolation. This hypothesis is known as the atheistic manyworlds. How did our universe come to be so perfectly tuned for stability and life.
The finetuning of the universe for intelligent life has received a great deal of attention in recent years, both in the philosophical and scientific literature. The finetuned universe kindle edition by thomas, andrew. The best explanation of the existence of fine tuning is that the universe was fined tuned by god. Finetuning is better understood in terms of a measure on the space of trajectories. K many of the initial conditions and free parameters of a universe need to be finely tuned in order for the development of life in. Read the online book evolution is a religion the creation answers book 20 chapters free online book that denies invalidates evolution. Explaining the fine tuning of the universe to us and the. Various reactions to the universes finetuning for life have been proposed. In view of this, some have taken the opportunity to revive the scholastic argument from design, whereas others have.
Aug 03, 2014 other constraints among force strengths. If the deep laws of the universe had been ever so slightly different human beings wouldnt, and couldnt, exist. In this paper the evidence of fine tuning is explained and the fine tuning design argument for god is presented. However, as philosopher david hume pointed out in the eighteenth century, the fact that we cannot explain. On these theories, our universe might still be fine tuned, although the mul. What do finetuning and the multiverse say about god. In short, numerous features of our universe seem fantastically finetuned for the existence of intelligent life. Hugh ross gives an example of the least fine tuned of the above four examples in his book, the creator and the cosmos, which is reproduced here. This represents clear evidence that the universe was designed by god. In our list of the finetuned features of the universe, real science radio host bob enyart quotes leading scientists and their astounding admission of the uncanny and seemingly neverending list of the justperfect finely tuned parameters of the physical features of the earth, the solar system, and the entire cosmos. How god designed the universe and finetuned it for us and evolution. Information and translations of fine tuned universe in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. How can so many numbers of naturethe constants and relationships of physicsbe so spoton perfect for humans to exist. It turns out that the value of the cosmological constant exactly makes up for the lack of matter in the universe.
Problems with the argument from fine tuning 327 the central idea of the. This question causes controversy, among scientists and among philosophers. The first question that probably comes to mind is, did someone do this on purpose, or was this an. Definition of fine tuned universe in the dictionary. Institute for fine tuned study no time limits, tuition cost, fees or tests. If there are billions of universes, each with random laws from hundreds of billions or more possible laws from the string theory landscape, then every once in a while a universe like ours will be created. The universes produced are all equally fine tuned for the evolution of galaxies, stars, life and minds.472 275 67 73 684 1185 1017 1380 885 1143 1068 138 771 1198 1231 971 240 1237 416 1129 1327 291 505 1348 95 1307 859 1237 739 1219 587 449 1055 374 491 1390 68